Describe the overall argument of Davis and Moore’s original article “Some Principles of Stratification,” as well as Tumin’s criticism of Davis and Moore.

Describe the overall argument of Davis and Moore’s original article “Some Principles of Stratification,” as well as Tumin’s criticism of Davis and Moore.
Reading:

-Davis and Moore (D&M), “Some Principles of Stratification” (TIR Ch. 2);

-Tumin, “Some Principles of Stratification: A Critical Analysis”

Prompt: Please describe the overall argument of Davis and Moore’s original article “Some Principles of Stratification,” as well as Tumin’s criticism of Davis and Moore.
For a full grade of 10 points, please be sure to address all of the following questions in your response:
1.*D&M make a certain argument regarding the relative “rarity” of highly skilled/talented people. For D&M, why might this rarity entitle these skilled people to higher rewards? How does Tumin critique this theory? For Tumin, what might account for the ostensible “rarity” of talent?

* According to Tumin, what is D&M’s mistaken assumption when it comes to motivations? Does Tumin argue that D&M have a too-narrow conception of possible motivations, or too broad?
* D&M argue that high rewards are a necessary incentive for those who make great sacrifices (i.e., the time and cost of medical school). Tumin call this “the least critically thought-out” position in D&M’s article. Why is this so?


 

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